"Haiti has a strong presence in Cuba, dating back to the late 1790’s after the Haitian revolution, when many French moved to Cuba and took their kidnapped Africans with them. From this wave we get the Tumba Francesa and the Haitian roots music in Cuba. Haitian tradition contains a strong strain of Dahomey and Congo, both of which are present in western Cuba as well. Haitian Rada is Cuban Arara, the Dahomey tradition.
During the early part of the 1900’s, many Haitians were brought in to cut sugar cane. In 1921 and again in 1937, when the market for sugar fell, they were simply kicked out and sent home, such was the logic of the neocolonial republic.
More recently, Cuba is perhaps the only country to have welcomed so many Haitians fleeing the persecution of the Haitian elites and their regimes. There are reportedly over 300,000 recent arrivals in Cuba. And Creole, which is still spoken by descendants of the earlier waves, is Cuba’s second language, with a Creole radio station in Havana.” #haiti
#ayibobo #cuba #africa #history #knowthyself #knowyourhistory #haitianphoenix #love #me #roots #sakpasse #slavery #revolution
"With the European powers engaged in World War I, President Woodrow Wilson feared that Germany might occupy Haiti and threaten the sea route to the Panama Canal. To protect U.S. interests and to restore order, the president sent 330 marines and sailors to Haiti.
The last marines did not leave Haiti until 1934. To ensure repayment of Haiti’s debts, the United States took over the collection of customs duties. Americans also arbitrated disputes, distributed food and medicine, censored the press, and ran military courts. In addition, the United States helped build about a thousand miles of unpaved roads and a number of agricultural and vocational schools, and trained the Haitian army and police. It also helped to replace a government led by blacks with a government headed by mulattoes. The U.S. forced the Haitians to adopt a new constitution which gave American businessmen the right to own land in Haiti. While campaigning for vice president in 1920, Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had served as assistant secretary of the Navy in the Wilson Administration, later boasted, “I wrote Haiti’s Constitution myself, and if I do say it, it was a pretty good little Constitution.”
Many Haitians resisted the American occupation. In the fall of 1918, Charlemagne Peralte, a former Haitian army officer, launched a guerrilla war against the U.S. Marines to protest a system of forced labor imposed by the United States to build roads in Haiti. In 1919, he was captured and killed by U.S. Marines, and his body was photographed against a door with a crucifix and a Haitian flag as a lesson to others. During the first five years of the occupation, American forces killed about 2,250 Haitians. In December 1929, U.S. Marines fired on a crowd of protesters armed with rocks and machetes, killing 12 and wounding 23. The incident stirred international condemnation and ultimately led to the end of the American occupation.”
#haiti #ayiti #knowthyself #knowyourhistory #teamhaiti #teamayiti #ayibobo #unitedstates #wealth #history #theydontteachthis #haitiansbelike #sakpasse
"Haiti-born, Miami-based Michael Brun as an emerging international EDM powerhouse.
And with his own freshly minted independent record label, Kid Coconut, he’s determined to further integrate his Caribbean homeland’s roots into the international tapestry of electronic dance music.
Haiti’s official motto, proudly emblazoned on its warrior’s flag of cannons and bayonets, is “L’union fait la force,” and Brun is adamant about the historical legacy he represents. “Haiti is the first independent black nation in the Western hemisphere,” he says. “And I want people to know that I’m from Haiti.”
His own blood is a mix of Portuguese, Guyanese, Chinese, Haitian, and French. He was born and raised in Port-au-Prince, and he wants to help people soak up some of his country’s rich musical heritage. “I grew up listening to Caribbean Sextet and Tabou Combo. My dad was in band called Skandal in the ’90s. I’m influenced by everything that comes from home,” he tells Crossfade.
"Kompa is like the Haitian equivalent of salsa, a very dancey romantic music with a touch of zouk. The snare hits on a very specific beat, like ta-kata. All the islands have their trademark dance style, and that’s ours."
But one native style that Brun loves even more is rara, a rally music incorporating infectious rhythms, call and response, and simple, catchy melodies blown through homemade vuvuzelas and tubas. “It’s my favorite kind of Haitian music,” he says. “It’s so simple and stripped down and focused on percussion and beats, and it has such a hypnotic vibe that when everybody comes down the street dancing, it really gets you.” #haiti #dj #music #kompa #rara #tambou #beats #drums #teamayiti #teamhaiti #ayibobo #sakpasse #love #knowthyself #knowyourhistory #haitianphoenix #haitiansbelike
Who knew the changes that were in store for me after I met these two lovely ladies last Sept at the Activate conference @sheisfila @mrsyoungmogul …this was the beginning of the metamorphosis! #tbt #growth #spreadmywings #letmefly #sisters #love #me #friendship #HaitianPhoenix #sisterhood #support #strength #friends #abundance #beautiful #change #lessonslearned #stilllearning #notetoself